The United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is exploring the potential of Blockchain Technology in order to ensure privacy, authentication, and security of aircraft data.
An aero-computer engineer at NASA Ames Research Center Ronald Reisman published a paper which stated that an engineering prototype of the “Aviation Blockchain Infrastructure” (ABI) can be used to mitigate some security issues of the Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) as it is noticed that the issues are creating problems for ADS-B adoption for those stakeholders who are willing to use the latest levels of privacy, authentication, anonymity, and resistance to malicious activities.
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has mandated the aircraft flying in the National Airspace System (NAS) to use a new surveillance system – Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) by 1 January 2020. The system will make identity, position, and other information of an aircraft publicly available.
The permissioned blockchain technology framework will use a design innovation in order to enable anonymity and aircraft privacy. The framework will provide security for communication with Air Traffic Services, Operations Support, and other authorized entities. Along with certificate authority, it features smart contract support and higher bandwidth communication channels for private information that can be used for communication security purpose, reported by NASA.
NASA and UA Researcher Researched On Ethereum Blockchain
Last year, NASA and Researcher at the University of Akron (UA) began researching on Ethereum blockchain technology in order to enhance space communication and navigation while avoiding space debris. The name of the research project was ‘Resilient Networking and Computing Paradigm’ (RNCP) led by Dr. Jin Wei Kocsis who is the assistant professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering College at the University. The technology underlying smart contracts were used to create spacecraft which can think on their own, detect and dodge floating debris, as reported by the official website of the University of Akron (UA).